Session 3: Introduction to Argumentation


In this session, participants consider the learning progression for the practice of argumentation by observing and debriefing videos of students of various ages engaging in argumentation. Participants learn that: 

  • Students can engage in aspects of argumentation at any age as long as they have experiences (either firsthand or secondhand) to draw on as evidence and support reasoning.
  • When teachers provide space and scaffolding for students to argue from evidence, they are quite capable of engaging in this complex task. 


Theme Goals 
Argumentation – Connect to prior knowledge about academic discussions and argumentation
– Introduce argumentation
– Observe what argumentation looks like in a classroom
– Explore role of argumentation in science
Learning and Teaching – Build awareness and expertise related to how argumentation deepens understanding of science ideas

Leader Guide and Slides